Chevrolet Exhaust Systems

Vehicle Exhaust Quote

Vehicle Exhaust Quote
History of Chevrolet
1912 Chevrolet Classic Six1912 Chevrolet Classic Six
Chevrolet was started by William C. Durant and Louis Chevrolet.
Durant had been involved in the buggy business and by 1890 was producing about 50,000 horse-drawn vehicles a year with Durant-Dort Carriage Company. His first venture into automobiles was becoming manager of Buick bringing their sales from 34 cars in 1904 to the #1 automobile in sales in 1908. In 1908 he started General Motors, buying up multiple companies until he overextended and was taken over by the banks.
In 1909 William Durant asked Louis Chevrolet a famous race car driver to help design and promote a new car. Incorporated in 1911 and in 1912 with designer Etienne Planche, Chevrolet rolled out the first Classic Six. Selling for over $2000 Durant also developed the Little Six for $695 to compete with the Model T.
The Bow Tie was designed by William Durant in 1913.
1916 Chevrolet “490”1916 Chevrolet “490”
1914 saw the H Model 4 cylinder, overhead valve, 24 HP engine $750 and the L Model (Light Six) $1475 with electric starter.
Louis Chevrolet left the company to reenter racing.
In June 1915 the “490” entered the market with a price of……… $490 to compete again with a Ford Model T.
Series D in 1917 had a 288 cubic inch V8 55 horsepower, overhead valve, a counterweighted crankshaft, crossflow cylinder heads and 4.75 compression. Its cost of $1400 was not readily accepted (auto prices had dropped in the past 10 years).1917 Chevrolet 288 V8 Engine1917 Chevrolet 288 V8 Engine
This engine was only produced for 2 years with a few of the first ones with the rockers and overhead valves exposed. 1954 was the next time Chevrolet produced a V8.
Series M Copper-Cooled air cooled 22 HP Chevrolet was introduced in 1922. Only 500 were made and the model died out because of overheating problems.
The rest of the 1920’s saw newer models like the F Superior, V Superior, AA Capitol, National AD and International AC. The F was an upgraded 490 with disc wheels instead of wood wheels. The AA Capitol was the best selling car in 1927. The National AD and AC in 1929 sported the new 6 cylinder engine “Cast-Iron Wonder” with 194 cubic inch, 46 hp. This “Stove-Bolt” engine would last until 1936.
1928 Chevrolet AB1928 Chevrolet AB
The 1930’s saw the depression and the Chevrolets AE, BA Confederate, Eagle, Mercury, Master, Standard, Master DeLuxe and Master 85.
Chevrolet 1940 Master 85Chevrolet 1940 Master 85
The new 1940’s prewar and postwar Chevrolets were the Special DeLuxe, Fleetline, Fleetline Aerosedan (with a 90-bhp ohv 216-cid six), Stylemaster, Fleetmaster and the Coupe Pickup(cool).Chevrolet 1941 Coupe PickupChevrolet 1941 Coupe Pickup
During World War II all civilian car and truck production stopped and Chevrolet made components for more than 60,000 aircraft engines, helmets, uniforms, rear axles, gears, light, medium, and heavy tanks, tank destroyers, armored cars, amphibious vehicles, and propellers.
Ford and GM plants produced over 70% of the vehicles in 1939 prewar Germany.
Chevrolet 1947 Fleetline AerosedanChevrolet 1947 Fleetline Aerosedan
Some of the new Chevrolet machines for the 1950’s were the Bel Air, Nomad, El Morocco, Two-Ten, One-Fifty, Impala and El Camino.
1955 was a breakout year for automobiles and especially Chevrolet according to Chevy Historian Wade Eernisse: in 1955…….
“The legendary small-block Chevy V8 introduced. This innovative engine will become one of the most famous Chevy engines ever. With versions rated from 162 brake horsepower (bhp) to 180 with the optional 4-barrel, dual-exhaust “powerpack.” The ’55 models break new styling ground , set new sales records, and change the look of the American automobile.
First bucket seats in industry offered in Corvettes.
Bel Air Nomad station wagon introduced. This vehicle helps fuel American’s fascination with “getting away from it all.” AAA cites the growing popularity of station wagons as a definite factor in the vacation-by-car boom.”
Chevrolet 1957 Bel Air Sport CoupeChevrolet 1957 Bel Air Sport Coupe
1960 – 1970
America’s hay day with the automobile, the 1960’s, had Chevrolet’s most varied selection of models. They ranged from the Chevy II, Nova(the later Chevy II), Corvair, Corvair Rampside Pickup, Corvette, Impalla SS, Camaro, Camaro Z-28, Caprice and A-body Chevelle-Malibu.
The Chevy II was powered by either a 4-153 ci, 6-194 ci, 8-283 ci or 8-327 ci engine.
In 1964 Chevrolet broke the 3 million vehicles a year (cars and trucks) landmark.
Ralph Nader’s book, “Unsafe at Any Speed,” stopped the popularity of the Corvair in 1965. (Gasoline heaters!)
The new 1967 Camaro was such a success that it sold over 220 thousand it’s first year.
1970 to 1980 -Electronic ignition instead of Points and Condenser-
In 1970 Monte Carlo was introduced with 142,000 sold including 3,823 with the 454 SS package.
Production numbers were 300,000 in 1974, 325 in 1979 and 80,000 by 1987.
1971 saw the startup of the Compact car, Vega. It was one of GM and Chevrolet’s biggest blunders with the Teflon coated aluminum cylinder walls, bad lifters, valve guides, blowing headgaskets and body rust. GM and Chevrolet seemed to have problems with their compacts. The Vega lasted until 1978 when The Monza replaced it.
The Subcompact Chevette was introduced in 1976 and lasted until 1986. It was a variation of Chevrolet’s Brazilian T platform car. Chevrolet’s smallest car ever sported a 1.4 or 1.6 four cylinder 53 to 70 HP engine and in 1981 on, an optional 1.8 Isuzu Diesel. It weighted in at 1900 lbs.
The 100th Million Chevrolet was built in 1979, a Monza.
1980-1990 -Out with Carburetors in with Fuel Injection and Computers-
General Motors and Chevrolet advanced quickly into computerized timing and fuel control to meet the emission requirements and fuel mileage demands. Their vehicles had more electronics than the competitors with some exceptions of some European cars equipped with Bosch electronics. First Chevrolet cars then trucks used ESC (electronic spark control) then electronic carburetors where the computer could adjust the main and idle mixtures depending on sensors including the oxygen sensor.
Starting in the mid 1980’s carburetors were being replaced by electronic fuel injection systems where the computer (ECM, later PCM) could more fully control the fuel mixture even when cold. The Citation and Camaro were some of the early models with this system. The Corvette had fuel injection on and off since 1957 beginning with a non electronic mechanical one.
Chevrolet and GM also were the first with computers (ECM) that would 2 way communicate with test scanners. Here the repair mechanics would receive trouble codes and actual live data from the running machines thus making the Chevrolets easier to fix.
The First front wheel drive Chevrolet was built from 1980 to 1985, the compact Citation.
All of the 1980’s new models were front wheel drive including the Celebrity (1982 thru 1989), Cavalier (1982 to 2005), Corsica (1987 to 1996), Beretta (2 door Corsica), Nova (Toyota Corolla), and the Geos {Metro, Spectrum and Tracker}. The J body Cavalier was GM’s first successful compact car, weighing 2500 lbs, equipped with 1.8, 2.0, 2.2, 2.8, or 3.1 liter engines.
The only new models for the 90’s were the Lumina and Monte Carlo (2 door Luminas). The Lumina turned out to be one of Chevrolet’s most reliable cars ever. The only common problem being the V6’s intake manifold leaking problems at 100,000 miles. Besides the 3 V6’s, 3.1, 3.4 and 3.8 engines, the 2.2 four cylinder was used in the early years. The 3500 pound Luminas were produced from 1990 to 2001 and thru 2008 for the Middle East market.
Aveo, Cobalt, HHR (Heritage High Roof) and for 2009 the return of the Camaro are Chevrolets latest models.
Chevrolet Trucks
Chevrolets first truck was the 1918 490 Light Delivery 1/2 ton, based on the 490 automobile.
Model T one-ton was their larger truck based on the car frame/chassis FA. The customer had to install his own cab and truck bed on both models before 1927 by making them or purchasing bodys and beds from aftermarket companies. In 1922 the truck names were changed to the Superior Series.
In 1929 The “cast iron wonder” was introduced, a six cylinder, OHV, 194ci, 50 horse power engine. Chevrolet added a 1 1/2 ton Utility LQ truck to the lineup. Also in 1929 all their trucks went to steel wheels instead of the wooden spoke wheels.
1931 Chevrolet trucks called Independence Series were offered in 131″ and 157″ wheelbases with optional dual rear wheels. Chevrolet offered four Commercial bodies in 1931–pickup, panel, sedan delivery and canopy. The cab, doors was wider and the seats were also wider and more comfortable; the doors were considerably larger for easier entry and a rubber floor mat was furnished. The Confederate Series in 1932 based on the Confederate car also used the new “cast iron wonder” 6 cylinder.
In 1934 DB Master Commercial truck line (later EB and FB) no longer used the same front end as the autos. Its frame was heavier and stronger than the passenger car frames of the past. Body offerings remained as canopy, panel, pickup, and sedan delivery.
The wheelbase, torque, horsepower continued to increase thru the 1930’s until civilian production stopped during World War II in 1942 and thru 1945. Chevrolet built more than 56,000 pickups between March 1942 and August 1945 for the government.
Postwar production saw Chevrolet come out in 1946 will a full lineup of 100 truck models on 9 wheelbases.
1947 to 1955 -Advanced Design Trucks-
The new design was 8″ wider and 7″ longer with 78″, 87″ or 108″ beds. The were powered by a Thrift Master OHV(overhead valve) six cylinder 90 horse power engine. They sported a larger windshield, side and rear window glass. Designed in was a fresh-air heater and defroster system.
Chevrolet trucks were #1 every year during this period.
1955 to 1959 -Task Force-
New improvements included “sweep-sight windshield”, 12 volt electrical system, overdrive, power brakes and power steering. Options also included 265 ci OHV V8, four barrel carburetor and the first 4 wheel drive in 1957.
1960 to 1966
Model designation system began with a letter prefix.
C — conventional cab
K — 4 wheel drive
P — forward control
L — low cab forward
S — school bus
M — tandem
Engine options for the C models were 235 six or 283 V8 and later 230 six and a 292 six. 588,000 trucks were sold in 1966.
1967 to 1972
The front and rear suspension were changed to coil springs on the under 1 ton models which made for a better ride. The 4 wheel drive trucks were lowered 5 inches and all pickups were available as stepsides or fleetsides. The new reliable, powerful 327 V8 came out in 1967. The full size K5 Blazer produced off the C/K chassis started in 1969(1969 was the best year for most car brands). The four cylinder LUV (Isuzu) import was new in 1972.
1973 to 1987
Wider, boxier and airier is how the new restyling of Chevrolet’s light trucks is described in 1973. A big 454ci became an option for the first time.
The rear coil springs were changed to a leaf springs and new rubber bushings for a quieter ride.
In 1974 production was 926,000 trucks!
1975 saw catalytic converters on all under 6,000 GVW trucks and HEI (no more points) ignition.
Chevrolet truck sales hit an all-time high of 1.34 million! The “Big Dooley” dual rear wheel 1 ton C30 came out.
The notorious GM-built 5.7 diesel morphed from the Oldsmobile 350ci was introduced in 1978. GM was trying to come up with a fuel efficient engine coming out of the 1973 Arab oil embargo a few years earlier. Wanting to produce a US made small pickup the G-body and frame was incorporated to introduce the first S-series trucks in 1982. The S-10 pickup was converted into a mini Blazer called the S-10 Blazer.
1988 to 1998
New frames called the GMT-400 and GMT-480 were used with the power plants 4.3L 160hp, 5.0L 175hp, 5.7L 210hp, 6.2L Diesel, 7.4L 230hp and later a 6.5 Turbo diesel.
1998 to 2008
The new GMT800 chassis uses three boxed-in hydro formed sections rather than a single long frame. The C, K, P and M designations are dropped.
Timeline Chevrolet Truck Chart from WWW.Wikipedia.Com 1980-2008